What is it? : In our body, there are anatomical structures called bursa between bone and skin in our bony protrusions such as knees and elbows. Inside Bursa is a transparent vesicles filled with liquid. Their task is to enable the soft tissues around the bone slide on the bone and act as a cushion in order to protect the bone protrusions. Bursa is a thin structure and it is called bursitis when this structure is irritated or infected.
Causes : This disorder is caused by sudden impacts and knocks, chronic irritation in those who work by placing their elbows on hard surfaces, rheumatoid arthritis and gout.
In Diagnosis : Clinical finding is important. There is a soft swelling behind the elbow. If this swelling grows, it causes pain. If an infection is added, redness and temperature increase occur in this region.
It can be caused by irritation, rheumatoid arthritis and gout.
Elbow radiography is also used in the diagnosis to see the differential diagnosis and associated bone protrusions.
Treatment : In cases not becoming uninfected, the fluid is emptied by an injector entered into the vesicle with a needle, then a compressive bandage is applied and an anti-inflammatory drug is given. In infected cases, the fluid is drained again, after which bandages are wrapped and appropriate antibiotic and pain reliever are given. If no response is received from this treatment, cortisone injection can be made into the bursa. Cortisone is a potent anti-inflammatory and many patients benefit from this procedure. If, despite all these treatments, there is still no improvement, the vesicle is surgically removed. The elbow can be used actively after 3-4 weeks.