What is it? : The ganglion cyst is a capsular vesicle filled with a transparent joint fluid originating from the joint capsule or tendon sheath in the wrist.

Cause : It is the most commonly observed mass on the wrist. Mostly visible on the outer surface of the wrist. It is thought that the cause of the joints or beams is reactionary, although the exact cause is unknown.

Clinical : These cysts vary in size. They can shrink as well as grow and disappear altogether. Patients may suffer pain as a complaint due to taking up space and cause pressure. Sometimes very large ganglion cysts may not be painful. Those on the back of hand are round and oval, partly soft. The ones on fingers and palms are harder and more painful, in size of peas. Sometimes patients may think of cystic as bone tissue.

Diagnosis is made through clinical examination.

MR and ultrasound may be required for differential diagnosis.

Treatment : Ganglion is not cancer; it should be followed. If it is painful with movement, the hand is rested in the hand wrist brace and medicine is used. If it is painful and large, the ganglion is aspirated with the injector, that is, the fluid is drawn but the chances of recurrence are high. Surgical Treatment is performed in cases where the pain does not pass, lead to motion restriction or cosmetically disturbs the patient. The ganglion can be removed from the wrist joint openly or arthroscopically. In other regions, open surgery is the only method.

To prevent post-operative joint hardening, early physical therapy is initiated.